Given the short-comings of the manpower planning, combined with the failure of the market, an alternative approach had to be identified for supporting human resource development. CEI has supported countries to develop alternative ways forward for planning their human resources. This has often involved adopting a holistic approach to human resource development and attempt to develop a mechanism that facilitates stronger links between the outcomes of a country’s education and training system, and their priority sectors for growth. This approach has become known as the HRD approach to planning and skill development. CEI has helped develop such in over 8 countries. A unique approach is required for each country, but common principals include: effective linkage between different parts of the education and training system, strong links between industrial policy and those for employment, an attempt to identify future requirements for social and economic development, ensure that government and key stakeholders drive the process, the targeting of key economic sectors, a mechanism to link industrial needs to skill needs and the move towards performance based policy making.
In the 1970s and 1980s policy makers used complex manpower planning and econometric models to link the output of their country’s education system with their country’s industrial output. After decades of experience it is now recognized that labour markets are more complicated and unpredictable than the former models or approaches assume. Following the failure of manpower planning the market was increasingly seen as a mechanism for ensuring a better match was achieved between the supply and demand for human resources. After the recent financial crisis and a decade of rising unemployment the effectiveness of the market for allocating resources for human resource development has been questioned.
Specific examples of where CEI have facilitated countries to the move towards a more cohesive HRD an implementation plan for the country’s Ministry of Human Resource Development. CEI have also approach include: Rwanda, Sri Lanka and Botswana, as well as in the Philippines. In Rwanda CEI been working for the past 5 years to help the government of Botswana to implement a national development of HRD sector plans for mining, tourism and hospitality, griculture and the creative development of an HRD planning guide for Botswana’s HRD Advisory Council, and facilitating the framework for human resource development. This involved extensive capacity building, the industries.
mechanism, along with an implementation plan. In Sri-Lanka staff at CEI support the ADB to develop worked with the Ministry of Public to develop and human capital and skills strategy and a funding .